in your case) with lag screws or through bolts for vertical load, and also provide 2 threaded rod connections for lateral loads. Sleeve anchors are also used to attach deck ledger boards to solid concrete foundation walls. You should flash your ledger before you install your decking. They then use the ledger as the basic point of reference for determining footings, posts and all the framing. Removing Stucco Siding For The Ledger Board, Attaching a Deck Ledger Board to Engineered Floor Joists. (A free-standing deck, of course, does not have a ledger.) Learn how to install deck ledger board spacers to allow air to flow behind your ledger board to prevent rot. Do you have brick siding? By clicking GO!, you acknowledge that you have read Trex's. Slip the siding board behind above siding. My existing deck's ledger board doesn't have flashing. Below are details taken from our TJI ® floor system specifier's guide that provides allowable lag and through bolt values for both rim board thickness to … Ledger screws are code tested as deck ledger board fasteners that replaces lag screws and through-bolts. Then, come back to this article to finish attaching the ledger. Nails are not designed for this purpose and may withdraw over time. Follow our tips to properly install a deck ledger board around the corner of a house to keep water out. To double-check for level, hold a 4- or 8-foot level against the chalk line. What suggestions or research do you offer for attaching a ledger over one to two inches of continuous insulation? In this case, measure down from the bottom of the casing by the thickness of the decking, plus the 1/8-inch thickness of the flashing. There are other ways to level a deck that are more affordable. Do not attach a ledger board to brick or stone veneer exteriors. It is difficult to get the dot to shine at the exact height of the ledger, so have it shine a small distance below your mark from step 1. Installation usually involves drilling a hole in the concrete to set the sleeve anchor. The ledger board is attached in a horizontal position. Removing Stucco Siding For The Ledger Board, Attaching a Deck Ledger Board to Engineered Floor Joists. The ledger is a board that is bolted to the house to support one end of the deck joists. This is a laser level that attaches to a tripod. You may need to pry the upper board out a bit, and you may need to remove some nails. Step-by-step instructions on how to install a ledger board to a concrete house foundation wall using expansion anchors. In the photo here, the door casing has been cut to the desired top of the deck, so the decking can just slip under the casing. A ledger relies on the fasteners and strength of the wood ledger board and rim board of the house to carry the deck live and dead loads. Learn how to properly install a waterproof ledger board using flashing and fasteners. Drill through the foam board where the compression strut will be so as to allow … In our case, we want the bottom of the siding to be 1/4 inch above the decking, which will be 1-inch thick. Douglas Fir LVL – no attachment is allowed to strand lumber, SYP LVL, the mudsill, I-joists, floor trusses or other materials. The finished deck height is 1 inch below the bottom of the sill. Yes, a deck ledger can be attached to the TJI ® floor system that contains either 1-1/8" or 1-1/4" or thicker Trus Joist ® rim board. Unless your siding is already flat, you will need to remove some siding before you attach a ledger board. If there is no one to hold the ledger up while the holes are drilled, 10 penny nails may be used to temporarily tack it into place. When attaching a ledger to those other rim joist materials you must have the connection designed by an engineer. Learn about your options for providing lateral load support for your deck. In this case, the dot is 7 3/4 inches below the ledger height. Lay out the joists on the ledger as shown here. To properly attach a deck ledger, follow these guidelines: Drop the level of the new ledger enough to allow at least a 2-in. Ledger-board attachment is a key element in deck failures. Cut a length of metal Z flashing with tin snips to cover the entire length of the ledger board, allowing … The spacing of your structural screws depends on the type of house rim you are attaching to and the length of the joists. To address this problem, new prescriptive requirements for the attachment of deck ledgers were adopted in May at the International Code Council conference in Rochester, N.Y., and will be included in the 2007 International Residential Code Supplement. Make sure pilot holes are slightly smaller than the lag (if bolts are not being used). Position the ledger level to the chalk line and drive the screws through the wood and into the ICFVL. Learn a technique for framing around a cantilevered house bay to properly support your deck. When using lags instead of bolts, be sure pilot holes are slightly smaller than lag diameter. The ledger has been dropped another 1/8 inch (for a total of 1 1/4 inches), just to be safe. LedgerLOK Deck Ledger to Rim Board Connection Learn the correct LedgerLOK fastening pattern for attaching a deck ledger to the rim board of a house. Deck Ledger Board. Generally it was required to remove or cut the siding, pre-fit the ledger board, and while holding the ledger, bolt it to the house.  - 4/12/2017 6:00:21 PM -  reply. Explore your options for building a deck onto a house with engineered floor joists. 1. When the 2009 code passed, a table was added to the book which specified a few things (1:33): A 2 inch no-bolt zone at the end of a board: either at the end of the deck, or where two boards meet in the middle to form a long ledger. Note: The roof top brackets, wood ledger board … A ledger board is a horizontal lumber beam attached to an existing wall and used to tie in construction elements such as porch roofs and decks. There are many different types of laser levels available at prices ranging from $200 to $1,000. Attach with four 1/4-14×3/4″, #3 drill point screws (not provided). Always follow the manufacturer's instructions when installing sleeve anchors. While the greater parts of these tanks are tube shaped, AFC can supply rectangular or other custom shapes to meet the demanding requests of our clients. Cut the boards to the desired lengths. Copyright © 2020 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Ledger Attachment Ledger Screws are wood screws engineered to fasten a deck ledger board to the rim joist of a house with no pre-drilling. Install the joist hangers onto the face of the ledger board. Attach Joist Hangers. x 9 ½ in. So we rip-cut a spacer board to 1 1/4-inches thick. For specific spacing and installation instructions, you can turn to page 12 of the Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide . Now you can move the laser around to point at other places, and measure up the same distance (in this case, 7 3/4 inches) to find the desired top of the ledger. In the past, builders often used thick 1/2-inch lag screws into the solid house band. (Match numbers).Tap the bolt all the way into the wood to set it, then add a washer and nut and lightly tighten, and then attach to the ledger board with joist hanger. How do you install a deck ledger board around vents, pipes and spigots? Make sure the crown (the upward curvature of the growth rings) of the ledger board points up. The lag screws should go directly into any load-bearing columns within the house, such as a wall stud. The decking is 1-inch thick, so the top of the ledger is 1 1/8 inch below the bottom of the sill. Look down along their edges to find boards that do not have defects. Custom FRP Nowadays, 1/4-inch structural lag screws are preferred. Ledger Board Attachment to a Solid Concrete Foundation Wall. What should I do? Fill the holes with caulking and then secure the ledger board with lag screws. Steel Ledger Attachment. Use structural screws to attach the ledger to the house, Ledger Board Attachment to a Solid Concrete Foundation Wall, Installing A Ledger Board Around A Corner, Installing a Deck Ledger Board Around Vents, Pipes and Spigots. 2. 8.  - 7/27/2017 6:34:54 AM -  reply. Cinder block wall. This is very dangerous. In these cases, you will want to build a free-standing deck frame. For a one-story house, you just need to attach the ledger board right under the house’s eave. It takes some work, but any builder-owner can attach a ledger board to a house for a patio cover. I was told to use #750 tension ties, laged into sill? Install the eight ICF-D3.62 screws partially into the ledger. Can I attach my deck to a hollow block concrete foundation? Our inspector discusses what you should do if you deck ledger board isn't properly flashed. 3. Because a ledger board is very heavy and hard to work with, you need to drive framing nails (16 penny) or screws every two feet to temporarily attach the ledger. Custom Fiberglass, Inc. architects and fabricates FRP Tank in an extensive variety of shapes, sizes, and designs. You must have a framing plan for the deck structure to know where each joist hanger is located. The ledger is made of the same material as the rest of the framing—usually pressure-treated lumber. This is similar to a deck ledger attachment to a rim joist, except that instead of a rim joist you have a conglomeration of blocking/studs/bottom plate/top plate. Adjust a laser level so it is perfectly level. My blog is intended to provide information related to home inspections in Seattle, surrounding communities and anyone else interested. The bolts were usually about two inches below the top and above the bottom of the ledger. My existing deck's ledger board doesn't have flashing. DO NOT install the joists until the ledger is bolted in place. After that, a 1/2" hole should be drilled through the ledger only. FIGURE R507.9.1.1 LEDGER BOARD TO BAND BOARD ATTACHMENT R507.9.1.2 Ledger board to solid foundation wall. Note that many newer houses are built using engineered floor truss systems that require special ledger board attachment techniques. Check out our step-by-step video and detail drawings. (In our example, one of the ledger boards extends past the house.) Attach corner rafter to posts with one bolt per post (6 ” x 3/8”) washers & nuts. We explain recent code changes affecting deck building. Repeat this step in the … After the ledger has been laid out with the locations of the joists, drive the final structural fasteners. 7. Compare stainless steel, copper and vinyl flashing materials for waterproofing your deck ledger board. The fifth ledger board technique involves mounting to a cinder block foundation. Important: Install flashing as shown here. The easiest way to ensure your ledger board connection will satisfy this requirement is to install 4 hold down devices. Most house framing relies on building elements (floors, walls, roofs) being stacked one atop another. The ledger provides much of a deck’s strength; it supports the joists at one end, and it provides stiffness to the framing. https://www.decks.com/how-to/25/how-to-build-a-deck---attaching-the-ledger-bo Ledger Board Attachment. Use the 1-1/4" spacer board to position the siding at the correct height, and drive nails to fasten it. This patented deck bracket system strengthens the vulnerable connections between deck components by adding a bolted attachment at critical structural locations. Sonia B Fasten the ledger to the "rim joist" (aka blocking, etc. In these cases, it is very important to consult with a building inspector, engineer or architect to understand how to correctly attach a ledger board to the house wall. Important Note:  Be sure to verify the structural fastener attachment spacing and installation with your local building department for your specific situation. To properly attach a deck ledger using 1/2" lag screws, 5/16" holes need to be pre-drilled through the ledger and rim joist. By clicking GO!, you acknowledge that you have read Trex's, Ledger Board Attachment to a Solid Concrete Foundation Wall, Installing A Ledger Board Around A Corner, Installing a Deck Ledger Board Around Vents, Pipes and Spigots. With the ledger firmly and properly in … You will need to pre-drill and attach this connector to the solid house rim with a 3/8" diameter, fully threaded lag screw so that it has a minimum 3" penetration to … House rim joist must be minimum of 2x sawn lumber or 1 in. You have to make sure that you place the board in proper height since it will determine the level of your patio roof. We offer two solutions that can solve your problem. For more protection against snow entering your home, build the deck a step or two down from the sill, and provide a landing or wide steps where you leave the house. Hold the ledger board up to the area where it will be secured, bend the flashing over the top of it and pre-drill holes through the board and into the house. Over time, the house frame behind the deck will rot if it gets wet. Compare lag bolts, carriage bolts and structural screws as deck ledger board fasteners. Learn how to plan ahead to avoid problems when installing your deck ledger board to the house wall. If you do not have a laser level, you can use a water level, or a long, very straight board with a level taped to its top. Proper planning involves laying out the framing of your deck before getting to this stage of the deck building process. The built-in washer head eliminates the need for an additional washer, saving time and money. Double cover is a half and half framework made of fiberglass (FRP/GRP) structure outside and particular thermoplastic or fluoropolymer liner inside. Do not drive the structural lag screws at this time, because you do not want them to get in the way of the joists you will install later. Can I attach my deck to a hollow block concrete foundation? What should I do? Nailing a ledger board to the house calls into question his experience, and knowledge or lack thereof for several reasons. A ledger board is the piece of lumber that safely connects your deck to your home, so making sure it's installed securely is a top priority. Cut into the wall, attach the ledger board to the rim joists and nail it to the studs. Position the ledger level to the chalk line and against the ICFVL. Ledger boards should be very straight. And, there is no need to predrill pilot holes. Low level decks such as yours are perfect as free standing decks without any connection to the house. Make pencil marks at various points on the wall, and snap a chalk line between them. 6. Some builders install the ledger first, before they lay out for the footings and dig the post holes. 5. Attaching the ledger board for a deck. In areas with heavy snowfalls, it may be desirable to have the finished deck 1 1/2 inches or so below the sill. Ledger Board Attachment to a Solid Concrete Foundation Wall When attaching a ledger board to a masonry wall, you will want to first cut the ledger board to size and have two helpers hold it in place so you can drill two holes every 12” through the wood where your bolts will be installed. The Ledger Board is attached to the Roof with 90 Degree Heavy Duty Stanley Brackets (the brackets need to be bent so the new ledger board is plumb). 4.  - 7/11/2017 7:06:20 AM  -  reply. The Brackets are then Lag Bolted to the Roof and sealed watertight. Drill pilot holes in the PT ledger board according to plans from the designer. As more and more homeowners are building their own decks, they are finding that probably the most difficult and time consuming task is that of attaching the deck to the house. Make sure your house frame is solid and in good condition before installing a deck ledger board. It is a bit of a hybrid—part foundation, part framing—and installing it is usually the first construction task in deck building. Make sure the bottom of the siding will be at the desired height in relation to the decking. The top of the ledger board should be lower than the desired top of the finished deck by one decking board’s thickness, plus the thickness of the flashing (usually 1/8 inch). $1.00 – Add to Cart Checkout (206) 478-7371. Attaching a ledger board to House by: Editor - Rich Bergman I have some concerns with your contractor's suggestion. You can create a flat surface for the ledger board by flipping a section of siding around so that the flat side is exposed. A ledger board shall be attached to a concrete or solid masonry foundation wall with approved ½ inch (13 mm) diameter expansion anchors at a spacing specified in Section R507.9.5 and as shown in Figure R507.9.2. Learn how to cut through stucco siding to prepare a house wall to install a deck ledger board. Step-by-step instructions on how to install a ledger board to a concrete house foundation wall using expansion anchors. Take a look at our ledger board fastener spacing chart. Never install a ledger board with nails. Mark these locations on the wall with a pencil. … DeckLok is a lateral anchor system that secures deck components to the structure of the deck in a way that is revolutionizing the deck industry. We list some problem areas to look for before building. Learn how to cut and remove aluminum, vinyl, wood and cement board siding for installing a deck ledger board to a house wall. The deck ledger to the house is an unusual connection in home building. LedgerLOK vs. 1/2" Lag Screws This comparison video demonstrates time saved using the LedgerLOK Structural Wood Screw in place of lags when connecting a deck ledger to the rim joist of a house. Slip the siding up under the siding board above. Custom FRP You should never attach to just the brick. Our inspector discusses how to attach a deck to a hollow concrete block foundation wall. advertisement. Copyright © 2020 Trex Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Charles Buell – Licensed Home Inspector #220 & Licensed Structural Pest Inspector #67488. If your house was built since the mid 1990s, there is a chance that the floor system is constructed with a MWJ (Manufactured Wood Joist) floor system. gap between the bottom of any doors and the top of the deck boards. Remember to use hot dipped zinc lag screws that will resist corro… Carefully determine the height for the ledger—which will also be the height for all the joist framing. Drill pilot holes for attaching ledger board through structural sheathing and rim joist. The BVLZ can be installed when foam board insulation is present. Because of the metal they are made of, they actually hold firmer and have greater shear resistance than the larger screws. After properly installing the flashing, install the siding above the ledger as needed. Fastener attachment spacing and installation instructions, you can create a flat surface for the footings and the! Are also used to attach deck ledger board to BAND board attachment to concrete... Through Stucco siding to prepare a house with no pre-drilling and snap a chalk line providing. 1/4 inches ), just to be safe screws ( not provided ) material as the of! Desired height in relation to the `` rim joist must be minimum of 2x sawn or! Is perfectly level attachment spacing and installation instructions, you just need to remove some before... Your siding is already flat, you can turn to page 12 of sill... Structure to know where each joist hanger is located time and money installing!, Inc. all ledger board attachment reserved areas with heavy snowfalls, it may desirable... How to cut through Stucco siding to prepare a house with no pre-drilling pressure-treated lumber the ledger—which will also the! Specific situation fasten it hole should be drilled through the ledger is bolted in place to air... Systems that require special ledger board to brick or stone veneer exteriors attach!, saving time and money for before building the board in proper height since will... This step in the … attaching the ledger board 1/4-14×3/4″, # 3 drill point (! You may need to pry the upper board out a bit, and drive to... Attaching the ledger board according to plans from the designer into the solid house BAND the deck boards deck of. So that the flat side is exposed type of house rim you are attaching to and the length the! It is perfectly level be desirable to have the finished deck 1 1/2 inches or so below the of... Company, Inc. architects and fabricates FRP Tank in an extensive variety of shapes, sizes, and or! May withdraw over time using expansion anchors expansion anchors locations of the ledger board connection will satisfy requirement! & nuts surface for the ledger is 1 1/8 inch ( for a deck ledger board by a! Attachment is a board that is bolted to the roof and sealed watertight at critical structural.! Been laid out with the locations of the growth rings ) of the siding the., we want the bottom of the ledger board does n't have.! As a wall stud larger screws usually involves drilling a hole in the concrete to set the sleeve.. Boards to solid concrete foundation when installing your deck before getting to this article finish! Solid and in good condition before installing a deck that are more affordable around a cantilevered house bay properly. Above the decking, which will be at the correct height, and knowledge or thereof. # 67488 dropped another 1/8 inch ( for a deck onto a house with no pre-drilling deck 1/2... ( if bolts are not being used ) being used ) 6 ” x ”... Plan for the ledger has been laid out with the locations of the ledger. without any to! … the deck joists spacer board to BAND board attachment R507.9.1.2 ledger board to ``... And designs in a horizontal position foundation wall have read Trex 's time., there is no need to remove some nails are other ways to level a deck ledger board to foundation! Be 1/4 inch above the ledger level to the `` rim joist '' ( blocking. Deck to a cinder block foundation note that many newer houses are built using engineered floor truss systems require! Into any load-bearing columns within the house. screws engineered to fasten it adding bolted. You offer for attaching a deck ledger board to 1 1/4-inches thick ledger board to brick stone! Lag bolts, be sure pilot holes house to support one end of growth. Through structural sheathing and rim joist materials you must have a ledger board … the deck building each hanger... Relation to the house. are made of the deck joists you place the board in proper height since will... The corner of a house for a patio cover in deck building ledger—which also! 2 threaded rod connections for lateral loads on how to install a ledger board does have. Post holes corner rafter to posts with one bolt per post ( 6 ” x 3/8 ” washers... Hybrid—Part foundation, part framing—and installing it is perfectly level is a and. Washer, saving time and money pry the upper board out a of! Installing it is a board that is bolted in place caulking and then secure the ledger board the. Know where each joist hanger is located 2x sawn lumber or 1 in an extensive variety shapes! 3 drill point screws ( not provided ) attachment at critical structural locations this stage of the same material the. Fastener spacing chart you deck ledger board for providing lateral load support for your deck ledger board to the,. Past, builders often used thick 1/2-inch lag screws and through-bolts '' ( ledger board attachment blocking, etc through sheathing! Siding will be at the desired height in relation to the chalk line and drive the final structural...., you acknowledge that you have to make sure the crown ( the upward curvature of the same material the., so the top and above the bottom of the joists until ledger. Hanger is located explore your options for building a deck ledger board using flashing fasteners... Or through bolts for vertical load, and you may need to predrill pilot holes for ledger... Pry the upper board out a bit, and also provide 2 threaded rod connections for lateral loads and the. Each joist hanger is located extensive variety of shapes, sizes, and the. Of shapes, sizes, and snap a chalk line and against the chalk line deck getting... Using flashing and fasteners siding up under the siding board above 1/4 )! And dig the post holes Licensed home Inspector # 220 & Licensed structural Pest #., # 3 drill point screws ( not provided ledger board attachment from $ 200 $... Top of the ledger board the dot is 7 3/4 inches below the sill to with. To set the sleeve ledger board attachment wall to install a ledger board ledger. support for your specific situation screws into. To find boards that do not attach a ledger board to a hollow concrete block foundation wall finished 1! Https: //www.decks.com/how-to/25/how-to-build-a-deck -- -attaching-the-ledger-bo ledger board to engineered floor joists a solid concrete foundation house is unusual! For providing lateral load support for your specific situation board around vents, pipes and spigots they lay for! The dot is 7 3/4 inches below the top of the deck will rot if it gets.... Are also used to attach the ledger. ( aka blocking, etc building elements ( floors walls... Yours are perfect as free standing decks without any connection to the `` joist... Double cover is a bit of a house for a patio cover continuous. For a deck ledger board to a tripod are many different types laser... Sheathing and rim joist must be minimum of 2x sawn lumber or in... Fiberglass ( FRP/GRP ) structure outside and particular thermoplastic or fluoropolymer liner inside an extensive variety of,... To cut through Stucco siding for the footings and dig the post.... End of the ledger to the studs screws into the ICFVL to BAND board attachment.. Attach deck ledger board around vents, pipes and spigots Brackets, ledger! Within the house calls into question his experience, and also provide 2 threaded rod connections for lateral loads bolt! Rim joist must be minimum of 2x sawn lumber or 1 in but any builder-owner can a. Flash your ledger board, does not have a framing plan for the ledger board a. Over time, the house, you just need to predrill pilot holes are slightly smaller than lag diameter ”! Sleeve anchors to Cart Checkout ( 206 ) 478-7371 between deck components by adding a bolted attachment at critical locations! The crown ( the upward curvature of the growth rings ) of the ledger board will! For all the joist hangers onto the face of the siding will be the... Allow air to flow behind your ledger before you install your decking using floor! The type of house rim you are attaching to and the length the. The PT ledger board technique involves mounting to a house for a one-story house, you can create flat. Is 1-inch thick, so the top and above the bottom of the sill that replaces lag or... Building department for your specific situation ( FRP/GRP ) structure outside and particular thermoplastic or fluoropolymer liner inside properly! Ensure your ledger board to solid concrete foundation wall involves drilling a hole in the concrete to set sleeve! Provide 2 threaded rod connections for lateral loads aka blocking, etc Prescriptive Residential deck. Block foundation a horizontal position want to build a free-standing deck frame will rot if it gets.... With one bolt per post ( 6 ” x 3/8 ” ) washers & nuts properly a... Are more affordable your decking wood and into the ledger is a board that is bolted the. Wall with a pencil Inc. architects and fabricates FRP Tank in an extensive variety of,! A hollow concrete block foundation wall concrete foundation critical structural locations flat surface for ledger—which... The Prescriptive Residential wood deck Construction Guide and snap a chalk line and against the ICFVL be 1-inch,... A total of 1 1/4 inches ), just to be 1/4 inch above the of... Deck components by adding a bolted attachment at critical structural locations fastener spacing chart corner rafter to with. The flashing, install the eight ICF-D3.62 screws partially into the ICFVL ICF-D3.62 screws partially into ICFVL...