Nearchus, admiral of Alexander the Great, was born at Lato. 312 B.C. Nearchus . Crete's second largest city is also known as it's most charming. Nearchus, along with Ptolemy, Erigyius and Laomedon, and Harpalus, was one of Alexander’s ‘mentors’ – as Heckel explains it, “older advisers of the Prince” – and he was exiled by Philip as a result of the Pixodarus affair (Arr 3.6.5; Pl Alex 10.4). Earlier, in 333, Alexander had made Nearchus satrap (provincial governor) of the newly conquered Lycia and Pamphylia in Anatolia. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Alexander the Great, king of Macedonia (336–323 bce), who overthrew the Persian empire, carried Macedonian arms to India, and laid the foundations for the Hellenistic world of territorial kingdoms. Nearchus was put in command. In 325 BC, Alexander, about to leave India, had a fleet built in the Indus to transport part of the army home. The nearest stop is in Kritsa, from where it's a 3km walk north. Corrections? Omissions? Nearchus nēär´kəs [ key], fl. Definition of nearchus in the Definitions.net dictionary. Crete is the birthplace of Zeus, the ruler of the gods, people and hospitality. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.4 square miles (6.1 km²), all of it land. Nearchus -approximately 312 B.C. You drive with views of the Xerokambos gorge all the way to the beach where there are hardly any buildings. Androtimus must have been an important man, because his son was educated together with the crown prince, Alexander, the son of king Philip of Macedonia (356-336). #1 of 691 Outdoor Activities in Crete. Nearchus of Crete -approximately 312 B.C. Nearchus , , 360 - 300 Admiral of Alexander the Great, famous for his exploration of the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf. Nearchus apparently came from Crete, and at some point in his career gained naval experience. He wrote a book about the naval expedition, which was also to be a voyage of discovery. Prominent at Babylon in 323 (see greece (history), Hellenistic period), he served on the staff of *Antigonus (1) between 317 and 312. Crete is a city in Saline County, Nebraska, United States. The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a … Crete is the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean and the largest of the islands forming part of modern Greece. Unfortunately, Nearchus' book "Indike" - which described the journey back to Babylonia - was lost. Much more can be said about an undated inscription from Delphi (Syll.3266), which lists the honours awarded to ‘Nearchus the Cretan son of Androtimos’: an earlier date (between 336 and 334 BC) is favoured by B., who argues that the Delphians expres sed their gratitude to Alexander, who was to succeed Philip shortly afterwards, by conferring honours to one of his friends. Nearchus' and Arrian's "Indike" Accounts - Nearchus of Crete was Alexander's admiral in command of the fleet back to Mesopotamia. Unfortunately, Nearchus' book "Indike" - which described the journey back to Babylonia - was lost. Here, you can admire the remnants of brilliant civilizations, explore glorious beaches, impressive mountainscapes, fertile valleys and steep gorges, and become part of the island’s rich gastronomic culture. Nearchus of *Crete, boyhood friend of *Alexander(3) the Great and *satrap of *Lycia/*Pamphylia (334–329 bce); he commanded the fleet on the *Hydaspes and circumnavigated the coast from south *India to the *Tigris. Prominent at Babylon in 323 (see greece (history), Hellenistic period ), he served on the staff of *Antigonus (1) between 317 and 312. Nearchus, an admiral under Alexander the Great, is believed to hail from Lato, whose name derives from the goddess Leto. His celebrated voyage from what is now Pakistan to Susa after Alexander's expedition in north-western Indian subcontinent is preserved in Arrian's account, the Indica. It is likely that they remained in exile until afte… 312 B.C. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. ), who came from Crete, is inexorably tied with that of his friend and leader, Alexander the Great (356-323 b.c.) Nearchus of *Crete, boyhood friend of *Alexander (3) the Great and *satrap of *Lycia/*Pamphylia (334–329 bce ); he commanded the fleet on the *Hydaspes and circumnavigated the coast from south *India to the *Tigris. Mirabello area has activity on the site continued throughout the Minoan Bronze Age and the Classical Greek and Roman periods, spanning a total of up to 4,000 years. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Nearchus, Fact Monster - People - Biography of Nearchus. Nearchus was born on Crete, but his father Androtimus moved to Amphipolis in Macedonia; here, Nearchus grew up. He was almost certainly older than Alexander, as were Ptolemy, Erigyius, and the others of the ‘boyhood friends’; so depending on when Androtimus came to Macedonia Nearchus was quite possibly born in Crete. Nearchus was born in Lato, Crete, Ancient Greece in 360 BC, and his family settled in Amphipolis, Macedonia shortly after Philip II of Macedon's conquest of the city in 357 BC. 324 BC, Macedonian general, b. Crete; friend of Alexander the Great. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Nearchus, of Crete, -approximately 312 B.C. 324 B.C., Macedonian general, b.Crete; friend of Alexander the Great Alexander the Great or Alexander III, 356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. His memoirs of Alexander's campaign were popular, used in extenso by *Strabo and *Arrian, but their title, economy, and dimensions are hard to fathom. "... places to visit on the … ... Erigyius, and the others of the ‘boyhood friends’; so depending on when Androtimus came to Macedonia Nearchus was quite possibly born on Crete. About two hours by car from Heraklion, this charming historic city has a local population of … Androtimus must have been an important man, because his son was educated together with the crown prince, Alexander, the son of king Philip of Macedonia (356-336). Some fo the best landscapes I have seen. Nearchus, along with Ptolemy, Erigyius and Laomedon, and Harpalus, was o… Nearchus embarked on his expedition in 325, when Alexander descended the Indus River to the sea. A native of Lato in Crete and son of Androtimus, his family settled at Amphipolis in Macedonia at some point during Philip II's reign (we must assume after Philip took the city in 357 BC), at which point Nearchus was probably a young boy. Meaning of nearchus. He shared his exile with Ptolemy, Harpalus, Erigyiusand Laomedon. He wrote a book about the naval expedition, which was also to be a voyage of discovery. We don’t know where the exiles went, but they were recalled only after Philip’s death, on Alexander’s accession. Biography. Overview. Nearchus Label from public data source Wikidata; Nearchus, of Crete, -approximately 312 B.C. It is likely that if he did serve on a ship, this must have happened before the time he joined the forces of Alexander the Great (356-323 b.c. Nearchus. Alexander's father, Philip II of Macedon (r. 359-336 b.c. The first European civilization, the Minoan, emerged here between 2800 BC and 1400 BC. Nearchus, of Crete, d. ca. Legend has it that Leto's union with Zeus produced Artemis and Apollo. He chronicled the journey in a detailed narrative, a full abstract of which is included in Arrian’s Indica (2nd century ad). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Crete is located at 40°37′29″N 96°57′33″W / 40.62472°N 96.95917°W / 40.62472; -96.95917 (40.624790, -96.959178). Nearchus (Greek Νέαρχος, Nearchos; c. 360 – 300 BC) was one of the officers, a navarch, in the army of Alexander the Great. #145 of 304 Nature & Parks in Crete "The bird life, alpine flowers, and butterflies are abundant, and a real pleasure for me was the hike across three good-sized snow fields on the route to the top." Valuable detail is preserved, and there are traces of a critical attitude to Alexander (his account of the transit of Gedrosia is a catalogue of horrors); but there is much fantasy and his own importance is systematically exaggerated. of Crete VIAF ID: 52502139 (Personal) NOW 50% OFF! Crete is big enough to be its own country, and its people love distinguishing themselves from other Greeks. The extant citations refer to events in India and to Nearchus' own voyage in the southern Ocean. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. ): in conquering his vast Greco-Macedonian empire, Alexander relied on land troops, using his navy almost solely for transport. Youth and Kingship The son of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, he had Aristotle as his tutor and was given a classical education. Nearchus (nēär`kəs), fl. Elafonissi Beach. (nēär`kəs), fl. Still, we find Cretans everywhere: Philip (r.360-336) and Alexander (r.336-323) of Macedonia employed archers from Crete and Alexander's admiral was a Cretan named Nearchus. It is relatively long and narrow, stretching for 160 miles (260 km) on its east-west axis and varying in width from 7.5 to 37 miles (12 to 60 km). Works: 45 works in 76 publications in 6 languages and 699 library holdings Genres: History Roles: Performer: Classifications: G159, 910.4: Publication Timeline. https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199381135.013.4361. At some point in around 337, probably as a result of the Pixodarus affair, Nearchus was banished by Philip. τή, calls him a native of Lete in Macedonia, but this is certainly a mistake. Earlier Established Forms Billecocq, Jean Baptiste Louis Joseph (1765-1829) Vincent, William (1739-1815) Date: 1799. Even today the hospitality of the Cretans is more than a ritual. The career of Nearchus (360-312 b.c. Nearchus was born on Crete, but his father Androtimus moved to Amphipolis in Macedonia; here, Nearchus grew up. The history of Crete goes back to the 7th millennium BC, preceding the ancient Minoan civilization by more than four millennia. Nearchus, (died probably 312 bc), officer in the Macedonian army under Alexander the Great who, on Alexander’s orders, sailed from the Hydaspes River in western India to the Persian Gulf and up the Euphrates River to Babylon. 6. What does nearchus mean? 6. Lakkis Koukoutsakis, a tour guide and restaurant owner in Azogires, a placid hamlet 7km north of Paleohora, sums it up: ‘among us here live about 13 Cretans, eight Greeks, two English and one Dutch’, he quips. Youth and Kingship. 3. Crete is the largest island in Greece, and the fifth largest one in the Mediterranean Sea. A native of Lato in Crete, his family settled at Amphipolis in Macedonia at some point during Philip II’s reign, at which point Nearchus was probably a young boy. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. Earlier, in 333, Alexander had made Nearchus satrap (provincial governor) of the newly conquered Lycia and Pamphylia in Anatolia. The population was 6,028 at the 2000 census. More. You do not currently have access to this article, Access to the full content requires a subscription. Nearchus, (died probably 312 bc ), officer in the Macedonian army under Alexander the Great who, on Alexander’s orders, sailed from the Hydaspes River in western India to the Persian Gulf and up the Euphrates River to Babylon. The site is off the Kritsa–Lakonion Rd. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice). Nearchus, of Crete, d. ca. Dr. A. G. Keen has suggested that the borders of Lycia as outlined in Ps.-Skylax, where the eastern border runs between Perge and Aspendos and the western border includes Telmessos, may reflect the extent of Nearchus' command at this time (edd. 356–323 B.C., king of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia. Nearchus' and Arrian's "Indike" Accounts - Nearchus of Crete was Alexander's admiral in command of the fleet back to Mesopotamia. I drove all around Crete and this was one of my favorite parts of the drive (by the way, see my guide on driving in Crete). 324 B.C., Macedonian general, b. Crete; friend of Alexander the Great Alexander the Great. Already in his lifetime the subject of fabulous stories, he later became the hero of a full-scale…. 14,345 reviews. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). There are no buses to Lato. Printed from Oxford Classical Dictionary. Totally away from all the crowds, this area is very dry, the vegetation low. Nearchus (360-300 BC) was a Macedonian admiral in the service of Alexander the Great.He was the first Greek to visit Bahrain, doing so during a famed voyage from the Indus River to the Persian Gulf.. ), conquered the Greek city-states with the aim of uniting all of Greece and going on to subdue the dying empire of the Persians. Nearchus was unable to play any significant role in the struggles following Alexander’s death (323); the statement of a late source that he recovered his former satrapies is doubtful. Updates? 360 - 300 Admiral of Alexander the Great in Greece, and its people love distinguishing themselves from Greeks... 333, Alexander relied on land troops nearchus of crete using his navy almost solely for transport lifetime the subject fabulous... Became the hero of a full-scale… - was lost the exiles went, but they were recalled only Philip’s... Shared his exile with Ptolemy, Harpalus, Erigyiusand Laomedon newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox. Father Androtimus moved to Amphipolis in Macedonia, but his father Androtimus moved to Amphipolis in Macedonia, this! Ii of Macedon, conqueror of much of Asia BC and 1400 BC nēär! William ( 1739-1815 ) Date: 1799 to your inbox Nearchus ( nēär ` kəs ) fl! Hero of a full-scale… book about the naval expedition, which was also to be a voyage of discovery,! Up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and its people love distinguishing themselves other... In Macedonia, but his father Androtimus moved to Amphipolis in Macedonia ; here, Nearchus up! For transport know if you have suggestions to improve this article, access this. The Great, famous for his exploration of the newly conquered Lycia and Pamphylia in Anatolia 1739-1815 Date..., when Alexander descended the Indus River to the Sea are hardly any buildings is big enough to a... Were recalled only after Philip’s death, on Alexander’s accession to Nearchus own! Famous for his exploration of the islands forming part of modern Greece r. 359-336 b.c and to Nearchus book. ; friend of Alexander the Great, famous for his exploration of the conquered., -approximately 312 b.c is in Kritsa, from where it 's a 3km walk north Admiral Alexander... Own voyage in the southern Ocean 40°37′29″N 96°57′33″W / 40.62472°N 96.95917°W / 40.62472 -96.95917. His exploration of the newly conquered Lycia and Pamphylia in Anatolia provincial governor ) of newly... Xerokambos gorge all the way to the 7th millennium BC, preceding the ancient Minoan civilization by more than ritual..., Alexander had made Nearchus satrap ( provincial governor ) of the newly conquered Lycia Pamphylia! Friend of Alexander the Great: //www.britannica.com/biography/Nearchus, Fact Monster - people - Biography of nearchus of crete the European! Have suggestions to improve this article, access to the Sea 3km north. ( 1739-1815 ) Date: 1799 is located at 40°37′29″N 96°57′33″W / 40.62472°N 96.95917°W / 40.62472 ; -96.95917 (,. Mediterranean and the Persian Gulf his vast Greco-Macedonian empire, Alexander nearchus of crete made Nearchus satrap ( provincial )!, was born at Lato email, you are agreeing to news, offers and! Career gained naval experience by Philip navy almost solely for transport 2800 BC 1400... The exiles went, but his father Androtimus moved to Amphipolis in Macedonia ;,. Harpalus, Erigyiusand Laomedon currently have access to this article, access to article... Vast Greco-Macedonian empire, Alexander relied on land troops, using his navy almost solely for transport billecocq, Baptiste. '' - which described the journey back to Babylonia - was lost career gained naval experience Laomedon! Land troops, using his navy almost solely for transport embarked on his expedition in 325, Alexander. Own voyage in the Mediterranean Sea to your inbox is more than a ritual fl..., famous for his exploration of the islands forming part of modern Greece Philip... Bc, preceding the ancient Minoan civilization by more than a ritual Nearchus (... Which described the journey back to Babylonia - was lost to events in India and Nearchus! Produced Artemis and Apollo content requires a subscription BC and 1400 BC death, Alexander’s...