Let us go through some important pointers and understand the event in depth-, The establishment of Italy and Germany as independent nations went on to be one of the most significant events of the rise of nationalism in Europe. Question 42 : Explain any three features of Napoleon Code. (b) They held the belief that the changes brought b y the Napoleon and the modernization would definitely strengthen the power of the state and make it much more effective. Answer : Their main aim was to transfer o f sovereignty from the monarchy to a body of French people by creating a sense of collective identity amongst the French people. (a) The businessman and the small producers welcomed the economic reforms introduced by Napoleon. Answer : The unification of Britain was not the result of any revolution but it was a long drawn-out process. What did Liberal Nationalism Stand for? They wanted to remove all restrictions of state on the movement of goods and capital. (e) He also introduced a common national currency that would facilitate the movement and exchange of goods and capital from one region to another. King Victor Emmanuel II took the charge of the unification of Italy after a series of failure of Mazzini. (i) The Act of Union (1707) between England and Scotland resulted in formation of the ‘United Kingdom of Great Britain’. (e) They demanded good infrastructure for their economic interests. This resulted in the concept of the nation-state. Liberalism derived from the Latin word liber which means free . Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 History Chapter 3 Nationalism in India with Answers Pdf free download. Analyse. The English language, and the national anthem (God Save Our Noble King) and the British Flag (Union Jack) was promoted actively. Answer : Nationalism spreads when people begin to believe that they are all part of the same nation. Each one of us has got something unique enough to be successful; we believe in bringing you closer to that The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Questions and Answers CBSE Class 10 Board Exam. Explain with examples. Explain any three reasons. Question 67 : Explain any four changes brought about in Europe by the Treaty of Vienna . Answer : The four changes that were brought in Europe by the Treaty of Vienna in the year 1815 were as follows: (b) Series of states were set up along the boundaries of France for the future prevention. A brief introduction of the French Revolution is also covered in this chapter, which brought major constitutional and political changes. Leverage Edu is a one-stop-shop for all your career-related needs - right from finding the best-fit college We hope this blog has helped you get familiar and building your concept for the chapter on the rise of nationalism in Europe. The Rise of Nationalism in Europe also highlights how the Napoleonic Code of 1804 or the Civil Code abolished all privileges based on birth, secured people’s right to property, and established equality. Italy Unified: In the 19th century, Italy had seven states, and among these, all regions of Sardinia-Piedmont were dominated by Italian princely houses. • This liberal initiative to nation-building was, however, repressed by the combined forces of the monarchy and the military, supported by the large landowners (called Junkers) of Prussia. Question 18 : Describe any three economic hardships faced by Europe in 1830s . (e) The regional dialects were discouraged in France and French was declared the common language of the nation. Question 22 : How did a wave economic nationalism strengthen the wider nationalist sentiments growing in Europe ? Answer : In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, merchants from the towns in Europe began moving to the countryside, supplying money to peasants and artisans, persuading them to produce for an international market. The failure of the Frankfurt parliament clearly indicated that Germany can be unified only with the combined effort of the monarchy and the army. Two underground societies were founded under him named the Young Italy in Marseilles and Young Europe in Berne. (c) They wanted to gain more territory at the expense of the others. Question 39 : Explain in three points, how Ireland was incorporated into United Kingdom in 1801. (c) The nationalists were manipulated by the chief European authorities. Liberalism stood for freedom of markets. Answer : The efforts of installing a constitutional monarchy in Germany with the help of political associations were failed by the year 1848. (c) The Poland people were fighting with Russia for their language and culture. Before the 18th century there was no such nation called Britain. (d) freedom only for senior citizens. Why was the decade of 1830s known as great economic hardship in Europe ? • From then on, Prussia took on the leadership of the movement for national unification. Catholic revolted against British but they were suppressed and Ireland was forcibly incorporated into the United Kingdom in 1801. The Prussian king, William I was proclaimed as the German Emperor on January 18, 1871. Industrialization began in England, a working class and liberalism emerged. Answer : It resulted in the overthrowing of the Bourbon kings and installation of a constitutional monarch with Louis Philippe as the head. Answer : The revolution of liberals of 1848 had a great impact in Europe. Question 40 : Explain any three features of the ‘nationstate’ that emerged in Europe in the twentieth century. (c) He had changed the system of transport and communications and made it more advanced. (c) Due to the burden of the feudal dues and taxes, there was bad harvest. Answer : The four ideas of liberal nationalists in the economic sphere were: (a) They demanded the freedom of markets and restrictions to be abolished which were imposed by the state. Answer : The formation of Britain or the unification of Britain was a result of long drawn parliamentary process. (b) For their unity and identity they had used music. Civic nationalism, also known as liberal nationalism, is a form of nationalism identified by political philosophers who believe in an inclusive form of nationalism that adheres to traditional liberal values of freedom, tolerance, equality, and individual rights. These divisions were having their autonomous rulers. A common national currency helped in the movement of goods and capital from one region to another. All these regions had their own cultural and political traditions. Answer : The proclamation of the French Revolution was “the people would constitute the nation and shape its destiny.”. Question 47 : Explain the significance of portraying nations as female figures by the European artists of the 18th and 19th centuries. (ii) Folk songs, folk poetry and folk dances are true cultural spirits of a nation and these are essential to bind the people in a bond. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Question 65 : ‘The 1830s were years of great economic hardship in Europe.’ Support the statement with four examples. Politically it emphasised the concept of government. Question 14 : Who founded the secret society, ” Young Italy ” during the 1830s ? (b) In France, the statues of Christene Marianne were erected in the public square and also marked on the coins and the stamps. (ii) What did Liberal Nationalism Stand for ? D-5 Road No. Question 63 : Describe any five steps taken by the French revolutionaries to create a sense of collective identity among the French people. This symbolized fraternity among different nations of the world. Answer : “When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches cold” was remarked by Duke Metternich. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 10 History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe with Answers Pdf free download. Explain. Share with your friends. (b) It helped in making the administrative system more rational and efficient. All these regions had their own cultural and political traditions. This can be justified with the following examples: (a) Romanticism and cultural movements in Greece helped in developing the feeling of nationalism, sense of togetherness and love for the country through language, art, poetry, stories, folk songs, music and the past experiences. During the rise of nationalism in Europe, Switzerland, Italy, and Germany were classified into cantons, duchies, and kingdoms, and each ruler had their autonomous territories. Question 36 : Exp la in any three ways in which nationalists feelings were kept alive in Poland in the 18th and 19th century. Leverage Edu Tower, Support the statement. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. In 1830, Giuseppe Mazzini formed the Young Italy movement led by Chief Minister Cavour. (c) Due to the burden of the feudal dues and taxes, there was bad harvest. Nationalism as a term was mentioned for the first time in 1409 at Leipzig University. Question 4 : What was the main aim of the revolutionaries of Europe during the years following 1815 ? As stated in the chapter on The Rise of Nationalism in Europe, during the 19th century in Europe, the sense of nationalism revolutionized the country, bringing radical changes in the political and societal scenarios. (ii) Ireland was divided into Catholic and Protestants. Answer : (i) Giuseppe Mazzini started initiative for the unification of Italy. (b) Initially,the French armies were recognized as the messenger of liberty but later on it was realized that the administrative reforms cannot go hand in hand with the political reform. Cavour, the then chief minister due to his tactful diplomatic alliance with France was able to defeat the Austrian forces in the year 1859. Answer : During the 1830s, the secret society called the Young Italy was founded by Giuseppe Mazzini. (iv) Music also helps in to light up the feeling of nationalism-connection to one nation. Describe the political ends that fried rich list hopes to achieve through economic measures Italian named. 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